Category Archives: Iran

5 court-métrages à propos d’Iran (la Perse)

De façon générale, les Occidentaux semblent mal connaître l’Iran, car ils le considèrent souvent comme «un pays arabe». Ne vous étonnez pas si vous voyez les Iraniens devenir choqués, offensés et même agressifs si vous leur dîtes : « Vous les Arabes… »; « votre langue arabe… », etc..

Vous risquerez d’en « prendre plein la gueule » Il est vrai que l’Iran est un pays musulman dont l’écriture est basée sur l’alphabet arabe. Le persan moderne ou farsi est la principale langue parlée en Iran Néanmoins, les ressemblances s’arrêtent là. Les Iraniens sont d’origine indo-européenne, un tout autre peuple, une civilisation très ancienne et totalement différente, avec une culture et un mode de vie propre à eux.

Le site archéologique de Persépolis, les mosquées d’Ispahan, les jardins de Chiraz, les tours du vent de Yazd et le grouillement de Téhéran : la richesse de l’Iran semble infinie. Y aller pour la première fois n’est pas anodin. C’est l’un de ces voyages qui vous conduisent à la rencontre d’une civilisation. Mais si la République islamique s’ouvre aux touristes, elle reste une théocratie sanglante, où la peine de mort est pratiquée massivement.


The Qatar crisis explained (2): The geopolitical puzzle

The biggest challenge facing the Middle East is the “potential domination of the region by an Iran that is both imperial and jihadist,” Henry Kissinger said last year. What he suggest is further isolation of Iran adding that  existing US policy, which is very favorable to Iran should be changed.Mr. Trump (following Kissinger’s policy?) has made clear he seeks no opening to Iran and has no interest in building on the Obama administration’s success in reaching a nuclear deal with it.

For the New York Times, Donald Trump, has taken sides with Saudi Arabia and four other Sunni states in their attempt to isolate and bully Qatar, the tiny gulf nation that is arguably America’s most important military outpost in the region .Rather than position the United States to ease tensions in the Middle East, Mr. Trump has, essentially, picked one side in a small rivalry within a big rivalry.

But even if his goal is to isolate Iran, allying with Saudi Arabia to punish Qatar is a self-defeating way to go about it: Qatar is home to the forward headquarters of the United States Central Command and is a major intelligence hub. It hosts Al Udeid Air Base, with more than 11,000 U.S. and coalition forces.

There is no sign that Mr. Trump has actually thought any of this through. Let’s be honest: Donald Trump doesn’t have a clue where Middle East is. New York Times adds that: even as other American officials were saying they would try to calm the Saudis because Qatar was too important to the United States, the president leapt to Twitter to claim credit for persuading Saudi Arabia to act against Qatar.

During my recent trip to the Middle East I stated that there can no longer be funding of Radical Ideology,” he wrote, adding, “Leaders pointed to Qatar — look!” In two other tweets he reinforced this message, saying: “So good to see the Saudi Arabia visit with the King and 50 countries already paying off. They said they would take a hard line on funding … extremism, and all reference was pointing to Qatar. Perhaps this will be the beginning of the end to the horror of terrorism!”

For years Riyadh has accused its regional neighbor Iran of interfering in the Sunni kingdom’s affairs in order to destabilize it and expand its own role in the Middle East. The Saudis fear such a development not least because of how it might inspire the deprived Shiite minority in the kingdom’s East, which also happens to be an important source of oil. Iran meanwhile has concerned its neighbors by massively enhancing its influence in Iraq and Syria during the ongoing civil war in the latter country. More than ever, Saudi Arabia sees itself as encircled.

Saudi Arabia has long relied on the UAE and Bahrain as its closest regional allies. Egypt, which counts on Riyadh’s financial support, has also been a consistent partner, though in recent years Cairo has also strengthened its ties with Tehran – much to the annoyance of Saudi Arabia.

According to Al-Monitor,in Jerusalem, it is almost inconceivable to hear the Saudis demand publicly that the Qataris cease their cooperation and aid to Hamas. “It is as though the Israeli-Saudi alliance is suddenly breaking out of its dark confines and being showcased internationally,” an Israeli minister told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. “But when the actual statement is analyzed, it quickly becomes obvious that this is not about Israeli interests. It is the continuation of that same old war between Sunnis and Shiites.”

The common explanation in Israel is that Hamas is in the wrong camp, as far as Egypt and Saudi Arabia are concerned. The camp of the Muslim Brotherhood includes Turkey and many Sunni terrorist groups.

Saudi Arabia has threatened to blockade its neighbouring Gulf State Qatar by land and sea unless it cuts ties with the Muslim Brotherhood, closes Al Jazeera, and expels local branches of two prestigious U.S. think tanks, the Brookings Doha Center and the Rand Qatar Policy Institute.

Analysts elsewhere in the Gulf expect the Saudi tactics to backfire. They have already paralyzed the Gulf Cooperation Council, with Oman refusing to expel Qatar and Kuwait deeply uneasy. It is also propelling the start of a significant regional realignment. Within hours of the Saudi decision to withdraw its ambassador to Doha, the Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called the emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad in support. Doha has also become closer to Iran as a result of its bust up with Riyadh.



Saudi Arabia vs. Qatar vs. Iran,  DW.COM. 06.06.2017

Unraveling the Qatar crisis: Sunni, Shia, Saudi, Iranian — and Trump. CNN.COM 07.06.2017

President Trump Picks Sides, Not Diplomacy, in the Gulf, NYTimes.Com, 07.06.2017

Featured Image credit: @Carlos Latuff

Read: Part 1 of the analysis