Tag Archives: politics

Will Erdogan “cook” the upcoming Turkish Elections result?

The winner of the presidential race will assume extraordinary powers that were narrowly approved in a referendum last year. On June 24th, for the first time in their country’s history, Turks will head to the polls to elect both parliament and president on the same day. The vote, which will take place under a state of emergency now entering its third year, has been billed as the most important in decades. Erdoğan is favoured to win.

Today, Mr Ince’s, main opposition’s candidate (CHP), growing popularity and Mr Erdogan’s surprisingly weak campaign mean an upset is no longer inconceivable. Mr Ince would have a chance if he can force Mr Erodgan into a runoff and then inherit practically all the voters of Mrs Aksener and Mr Demirtas. But that will not be easy.

Erdogan has consolidated power at every step of his career. He has crushed anti-government protests, and in 2013 he evaded a corruption investigation into his inner circle. After a failed military coup to remove his government from power in 2016, he eliminated his opponents by firing tens of thousands of government workers, gutting public institutions, jailing critical voices, and clamping down on the media. He narrowly won a referendum last year that will change Turkey’s parliamentary system to an executive presidency, giving whoever wins Sunday’s vote sweeping new powers.

Turkey today is the world’s biggest jailer of journalists, ahead of China and Egypt. Seventy-three were imprisoned in 2017 alone and more than 120 have been jailed since a failed coup attempt in 2016. Hundreds have lost their jobs in the aftermath of the coup, while allies of the government have bought up most of the country’s news outlets to transform the vast majority of the media into a loyalist press, Guardian reports.

Cumhuriyet journalists were detained in October 2016 as part of a sweeping crackdown by the government on dissidents. Twelve were arrested in dawn raids, and the chairman of the newspaper’s board, Akın Atalay, returned from a trip to Germany to turn himself in, all accused of aiding terrorist groups.

But Erdogan’s mantra of development and growth has lost some of its luster recently as Turkish people feel the pinch of a faltering economy.The lira has lost some 20% of its value since the year began, inflation is at 12% and interest rates are around a painful 18%. Some voters are tiring of what they see as Erdogan’s power-grabbing.

But despite the perpetual state of crisis, Turkish voters have turned out in droves to opposition rallies, energising a contest whose outcome two months ago seemed to be pre-ordained. Unexpectedly dynamic campaigns by Muharrem İnce, the main challenger, and the breakaway nationalist Meral Akşener have revitalised a moribund opposition movement that has lost election after election.

The Kurdish vote is pivotal in the outcome of the parliamentary election. If the HDP crosses a 10% threshold, it will win seats and could deprive the AKP of its parliamentary majority. If it fails to get into parliament, the AKP will sweep up those seats.
According to the turkish media, a Turkish citizen has been detained for voting both in Belgium and in Turkey. There are a lot of citizens of Turkey who went to vote abroad and they voted both and you can guess for who they voted…

The Turkish citizen who resides in Belgium had stirred outrage on social media this week when she shared photos showing her casting votes both in the Turkish Embassy in Belgium and at the customs gate of Adnan Menderes Airport in the western Turkish province of İzmir.

Sources: The Guardian, Hurriyet Daily News, CNN

Carte des pays qui reconnaissent soit le Kosovo soit la Palestine, soit les deux soit aucun

Oui au Kosovo, non à la Palestine? Non au Kosovo mais oui pour la Palestine? 

(Map of countries that ecognize Kosovo or Palestine, both or neither)
kosovo and palestine recognition
Le Kosovo fête cette année le 10e anniversaire de son indépendance. Dans le pays le plus pauvre d’Europe, gangrené par la corruption, les trafics et l’islamisme radical, la gouvernance n’est pas à la hauteur, plusieurs dirigeants étant liés à des crimes commis durant la guerre avec la Serbie.

De 1999 à 2008, le statut final du Kosovo est indéterminé, ce qui paralyse son développement politique et contribue à une situation sociale tendue. En droit international, la résolution 1244, tout en affirmant le caractère provisoire de ce statut, affirme l’attachement de l’ONU à l’intégrité territoriale de la République fédérale de Yougoslavie, remplacée en février 2003 par la Serbie-et-Monténégro dont la Serbie est l’héritière politique.

Au 17 février 2018, 116 États membres de l’ONU ainsi que Taïwan et l’Ordre de Malte ont formellement reconnu le Kosovo comme un État indépendant et souverain, néanmoins deux membres permanents du Conseil de sécurité – la Russie et la Chine – y sont opposés, ce qui est également le cas de cinq pays de l’UE, notamment l’Espagne, en prise avec l’indépendantisme catalan. Près de 20 ans après l’intervention de l’OTAN contre la Serbie, la communauté internationale reste divisée.

kosovo ethnic map


En comparant avec l’état Palestinien, en 2017, l’État palestinien est reconnu par 136 États (70,5 %) sur les 193 membres que compte l’Organisation des Nations unies.La Palestine a attendu son statut d’observateur à l’ONU pendant 65 ans.