Tag Archives: treaty of lausanne

The Rogue States and their New Middle East Policy

World War I may have ended in 1918, but the violence it triggered in the Middle East still hasn’t come to an end. Arbitrary borders drawn by self-interested imperial powers have left a legacy that the region has not been able to overcome.

The vital interests of the “so-called regional players” are far from coinciding on the fronts of conflict in order to seek solutions in the wider Middle East region. The problematic cooperation between the permanent members of the Security Council leaves open the field to action and open any appétit of intervention of these countries ( when their interests are in cause especially Russia and the USA i could add).

Continue reading The Rogue States and their New Middle East Policy

The European Union must stop tolerating Turkey’s intransigence and aggression against its many neighboring countries as Greece and Iraq.

Yes, the rising star as the next Hitler of the Middle East, Erdowie,Erdowo, Erdogan is back on the tracks  using his usual fanatical and obsessive racist mania against Greece this time. I have to remind to the audience that Greece is one of the countries that supported and still supports Turkey’s accession in the EU despite all the problems between the two countries. I, personally ,believe that Greece must change this policy as long as the Neo-Ottoman Sultan is still in power. 

The map shown here was published in a Turkish pro-Erdogan newspaper, Star under a hypothetical scenario which fantasizes how would the Turkish border be if the Treaty of Lausanne was not  taking place one century ago. Attempts by Turkey to seek to revise the country’s borders with Greece are contradictory to international law and are unacceptable in Europe. Erdogan’s comments just add fuel to the fire of the ravaged region.


Star, turkish newspaper is pro-government one. However, now they are all pro-government in order to survive in a country where freedom of speech is in danger since the failed coup in July 15th, this year.

At a speech in Ankara the 29th of September, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said the Treaty of Lausanne, a 1923 peace accord which forged modern Greece and Turkey’s borders, was essentially a defeat for Turkey because it “gave away” islands to Greece.

The Treaty of Lausanne was signed on July 24, 1923, by Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and Turkey. It set the current borders of Turkey, documenting the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.

According to the turkish Hurriyet, Lausanne is considered today to be the founding document of the Turkish Republic. Erdogan’s words received a harsh response from the Turkish opposition. Some opposition members said that this was criticism of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish state.

By arguing that this treaty was a failure – and not the success that it has been seen as for decades because it gave the Aegean Islands “only a shout away” from Turkey away – Erdoğan was effectively questioning the founding document of modern Turkey.

Ties between Greece and Turkey have suffered strains over the years, because of squabbles over sea boundaries between the two countries and because of divided Cyprus, ethnically split between its Greek and Turkish Cypriot populations since 1974.

The two countries almost went to war over an uninhabited islet in the Aegean in 1996. But tensions have eased over the years, particularly after each rushed to the other’s aid in separate earthquakes affecting both countries in 1999.

Kathimerini, the biggest Greek newspaper, reports that Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras has expressed his “deep concern” to a top NATO commander over these recent comments by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Greece’s Skai broadcaster reported, citing the country’s diplomatic sources that the Treaty of Lausanne had been recognized by the entire civilized world and Turkey could not challenge it. All Greek political parties ( as the kke -communist party)also condemned Erdogan’s remarks, calling them provocative.

The map was released on the occasion of the debate that is taking place now in Turkey on Ankara’s rights in Aleppo, Syria. A city, which was the third largest of the Ottoman Empire and lost after the Treaty of Ankara, like Mosul.

It is clear that the Turks want to challenge all conditions of that period and to proceed to a somehow reconstitution of the Ottoman Empire. Indeed, the Turkish argument is that the war in Syria and the massacres made by ISIS in Iraq ans Syria wouldn’t happen  if the cities of  Aleppo and Mosul, were Turkish!

Ankara’s Mayor İbrahim Melih Gökçek took things even further further with the tweet and map below. The Mayor expands on Erdogan’s claims, to include all the Aegean islands, including Crete.

Dissidents of the Erdogan regime have been seeking refuge in Greece, adding to the pressure on Greece. I hope that the radical left SYRIZA government is giving this the attention it deserves after Erdogan’s threats.

In an interview with Sputnik, Turkish opposition lawmakers Levent Gok and Erkan Akcay described Erdogan’s statement as unacceptable. They noted that the discussion over the Lausanne Treaty is an attempt by the government to draw public attention from the actual problems, including the extension of a state of emergency for another 90 days.

Sources: Reuters, Star.tr, kathimerini.gr, sputnik.com, washingtonpost.com, wikipedia.